However, we need to remember that after examining the problem and analyzing its cause and effect relationship, we also have to collect facts to support our observations. Your proposal can instantly get rejected if you do not supply facts because nobody is going to believe you until you have made references to the existing problems of the community.
For example, if we just mention in plain language that “people are poor; they do not have any employment opportunities; and they are migrating to cities,” it sounds very awkward. But read te following sentence:
“According to the National Education Survey 2009, the Kana District has nearly 35% of youths who have not been able to afford taking up graduation…”
Such facts are mostly available at government departments, independent research institutions and scholars. Search over the internet about your project area and it may be possible that critical information may come up that can be used as a reference for your proposal. Sometimes, data can be available at the macro-level since the intervention will be targeted at a small cluster of villages. Nevertheless, quoting references of the data can be very helpful; it reflects our mastery over the subject and our interest and passion to work for the community.
Facts also have to be collected directly from the community through interviews and group discussions. During this interaction, the possible solutions can also be discussed with them and further improve our own framework.