HIV and AIDS and NGOs

NGOs have been playing a critical role in addressing the HIV and AIDS issue in developing countries. Their role was widely acknowledged even before governments in many countries hardly began doing anything against HIV and AIDS. They have been working as key partners for governments and international agencies in not only in the prevention of the spread of HIV and AIDS but also for its treatment and support for those living with the disease and also working towards removing the stigma associated … [Read more...]

Civil Society

Civil Society comprises of all those civic and social organizations working for the betterment of the society but is completely independent from the state and commercial institutions in the market. Although the definition of term, “civil society” can be complex, it usually refers to those groups which are working collectively for improving the society as a whole and undertake a share responsibility and interest to achieve their goals. Civil society organizations can include: NGOs, international … [Read more...]

ICT and Sustainable Development

Information, Communication and Technology (ICT) has been increasingly recognized as a significant tool for poverty reduction in poor and low-income developing countries. Currently, there is high level of interest and commitment from various quarters, including governmental agencies, private organizations, international development organizations and NGOs to explore, adapt and implement technology-based projects to speed up activities aimed for sustainable development of rural and marginalized … [Read more...]

Human Rights

According to the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR), human rights are “basic rights and freedoms to which all humans are entitled.” These can include right to life, liberty, freedom of expression, equality before law and economic and social rights, right to work, right to education and right to food. The UDHR, from where the definition has been taken, is actually a non-biding resolution adopted in 1948 by the United Nations General Assembly, but it has gained increased … [Read more...]

Developing Countries

The term, “developing countries” is often used in international development and many of us think that we are clear in what it means. But the fact is that despite the World Bank’s profound classification, there is considerable contradiction in accepting and analyzing what actually developing countries are. This is because people in many developing countries enjoy high standard of living despite having other low indicators. The United Nations has given a geographical understanding of the … [Read more...]

Sustainable Development

The Concise Oxford English Dictionary defines the term, “sustainability” as (the ability to) “keep (something) going over time or continuously.” In context of a community-based service delivery program, it can mean to be the ability of the program to provide the services continuously or for over a longer period of time. A sustainable program should not just be self-sufficient, but also self-reliant. The emphasis on sustainability of a program is to reduce the dependency on external support, … [Read more...]

Poverty

A condition of life where people are unable to afford basic human needs such as food, clothing and shelter is referred to poverty. But poverty can also be relative when compared to other existing standards of living or incomes. When economies produce little, then poverty conditions are high. It has also been observed that countries which have high population level also have high levels of poverty. The most industrialized nations in the world have better economies and therefore, the poverty … [Read more...]

Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs)

Although the term, NGO or non-governmental organization means any organization that is not controlled or managed by a government, it has been increasingly used and understood to large and small agencies or groups that work towards some sort of development for a community. The term is mostly applied to such organizations working in developing and low-income countries while in the west, the word, ‘nonprofit’ is more popular. Even international nonprofits headquartered in the developed world are … [Read more...]

A Health Microinsurance Project

A health microinsurance project can cover the following benefits under its plan of operation: (1) Basic Health Care: Preventive health care, health education, immunization, family planning etc; part of curative care such as medical consultations, nursing care, medical care etc (2) Hospital Treatment: Hospital accommodation, medical, surgical, technical expenses and medicines. (3) Specialised Treatment: Includes consultations with specialist doctors (gynaecologists, paediatricians, surgeons, … [Read more...]

What is Health Microinsurance?

Health micro-insurance - referred by different names such as community-based health insurance, micro-health insurance, mutual health insurance, community-based health financing, community health insurance etc -is a form of micro-insurance in which resources are pooled to mitigate health risks and cover health care services in full or in part. Health micro-insurance schemes are more complex in nature compared to life insurance schemes, as they provide services towards specific risks or illnesses … [Read more...]