What should we write about the Strategies in a Project Proposal on Promotion of Democracy and Good Governance?

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The strategies in the proposal are broad concepts or approaches to achieve the project objectives. It is a general, undetailed plan of actions designed to achieve a major or overall goal, and it may encompass a long period of time in the project. Or it is a plan chosen to bring about a desired future, such as achievement of a goal or solution to the problem. Strategy is more about a designed set of options other than a fixed plan of what will be achieved. And thus other components in the proposal may change or need to be modified based on the progress and situations, but the strategies will remain unchanged in most of the cases since they are not so specific or practical, for instance, as the Activities section in the proposal.


In a proposal of democracy and good governance, the strategies of your project are needed to be clearly defined. Since the strategies section will show the donors that you have set up a clear and effective plan of how to achieve the goal of your project, it needs to be well designed and related closely to the goal and objectives. Once funded, the strategies will be followed strictly during the periods of time by the project staff and will be used as guidelines for the donors to evaluate the progress and achievement of the project. Examples of strategies are as follows:

Improving the Governmental Policy Decision Making in Mumbai – Strategies

1) Building the capacities of the local organization of governmental promotion.

2) Determination of the defects of current policy making procedure.

3) Building the capacities of the community members of the involvement of policy decision.

4) Promoting the communication mechanism between the government and the local populations.

What should be included in the Activities in a Project Proposal on Promotion of Democracy and Good Governance?

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Activities represent tasks or work you are going to perform in a project, in order to reach the goal of the solving of the problem targeted by the project. The most important thing we need to keep in mind is that the activities section has to be closely correlated or connected to the objectives and the strategies, which means the three sections: the objectives, the strategies, and the activities are three descriptions from different angles for the same goal, the goal of the project. If the three sections are not closely related, it means that the proposal is not well organized and designed, and will have very high probability to be rejected by the donors. Since the competition of getting funded is stronger, we highly recommend that you pay more attention to the correlation of the three sections in your proposal.

Once you have made the decisions of your strategies, it should not be too difficult to figure out the activities you plan to perform since the activities are the practical translations or derivations of the strategies. And if possible, the designs of the activities should be result oriented. The alternatives you may have are going to visit other communities that have been working on similar projects, and following their ways to choose activities for your proposal. You may also use those activities that have been performed successfully by others as references which will increase the quality of your proposed project, and will increase the funding possibilities. Gantt charts should be used in this section to show your personnel plan, equipment plan, work plan, etc. A guideline of the activities is as follows for your reference.

Improving the Governmental Policy Decision Making in Mumbai – Activities

1) A democratic governmental decision making network of a ‘voter activity center’ and a ‘proposition center’ will be organized.

2) Surveys to collect complaints and opinions of local people of the current policy making procedure will be conducted and the results will be analyzed by using computer software.

3) Educational workshops, street shows, and rallies on the significances of the involvement of the people in governmental policy decision-making will be organized.

4) The communications and conversations between the government and local populations will be promoted by the local communities.

World Bank Offers Job of Regional Coordinator – Washington DC

Application Deadline : 10 Feb 2013

World Bank invites applications from the eligible applicants for the post of Regional Coordinator. Job location is Washington DC. Essential languages for the job are English, French and Spanish and the knowledge of Arabic and Russian will be an advantage for the applicants.

Qualifications and Experience :

  • At least a Masters Degree in engineering, natural resources management, economics, business administration, or other relevant extractive industry development areas.
  • A minimum of 8 years of broad international oil and gas work experience, with specific country/region based industry experience preferred.
  • Proven track record in designing and implementing operations using innovative approaches, demonstrated strong knowledge of operational procedures and the investment project cycle.
  • Exposure to and experience in a mix of project, policy, negotiations and planning issues in oil and gas ideally in the public sector and in industry;
  • General Economic Knowledge and Analytical Skills – Possesses Cross-country knowledge in economic specialty and demonstrates ability to link the macro, institutional, and micro-level behaviors; able to support findings/policy recommendations with credible analysis and tools.
  • Knowledge and Experience in Development Arena – Translates technical and cross-country knowledge into practical applications and contributions to country and sector strategies; interacts with clients at the policy level.
  • Policy Dialogue Skills – Anticipates needs and requests in the field and conducts independent policy discussions with representatives of the government and non-government partners.
  • Oil and Gas Policy and Strategy and Institutions – Solid understanding of oil and gas policies, strategies, institutions, and regulations.
  • Project Design for Impact and Sustainability – IL – Contributes to the design of projects and programs, based on an understanding of the country and sector context.
  • Sector Dialogue – IL – Able to conduct a dialogue with the client on familiar topics, with a narrow scope, based on a solid understanding of the sector.
  • Operational Project Management – Demonstrates in depth knowledge and understanding of project management tools & methodologies, as well as of Bank instruments and processes related to project preparation & implementation, resource management, and stakeholder communications.
  • Knowledge of Relevant Bank Procedures and Associated Guidance – DPL – Has a solid understanding of all aspects of BP 8.60 and associated Good Practice Notes; has experience in designing DPOs.
  • ESW/TA Policy, Strategic and Technical Analysis for Country/Sector Issues – Participates fully in the production of quality AAA work and policy papers, leveraging relevant analytical tools and a grasp of issues surrounding policy and sector reform.
  • Client Orientation – Maintains client relationships in the face of conflicting demands or directions and provides evidence-based advice and solutions based on sound diagnosis and knowledge.
  • Drive for Results – Identifies the needed resources to accomplish results involving multiple stakeholders and finds solutions to obstacles affecting key deliverables.

For more information visit this link.

UNDP Job of Monitoring and Evaluation Officer in Kenya

Application Deadline: 31 Jan 2013

United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) requires applications for the post of Monitoring and Evaluation Officer. Job location is Nairobi, Kenya. Fluency both in oral and written English is required. Initial contract period is of one year.

Duties and Responsibilities:

  •  Implementation of monitoring and evaluation policies and strategies.
  •  Ensuring quality and accountability of monitoring.
  •  Information Management.
  •  Provision of support to the Clusters.
  •  Facilitation of knowledge building and knowledge sharing on monitoring and evaluation.

Impact of Results:

The key results have an impact on the overall effectiveness and success of OCHA interventions and activities in providing Humanitarian assistance. Effective implementations of evaluation policies and strategies, as well as efficient organization and coordination of the evaluation process, enhance the organization’s capacity and credibility in implementation of highly effective programmes with strong impact.

 Qualifications and Experience :

  • Master’s Degree or equivalent in International Relations, Political Science, Economics or related social sciences.
  • 3 years of relevant experience at the national or international level in providing management advisory services and hands-on experience in design, monitoring and evaluation of projects.
  • Experience in the use of computers and office software packages and handling of web based management systems.
  • Experience with new monitoring tools such as remote call monitoring, aerial photography, SMS campaign, mobile money monitoring, biometry will be an asset
  • Previous experience in Humanitarian Coordination and thorough knowledge of the cluster system will be an asset
  • Language Requirements: Fluency both in oral and written English.

For more information visit this link.

World Bank Needs E T Consultant for Zagreb, Croatia

Application Deadline : 28 Jan 2013

World Bank is looking for E T Consultant and requires applications from the qualified candidates for this post. Oral and written fluency in English and Croatian is essential. Location of the job is Zagreb, Croatia.

Duties and Responsibilities :

• Contributes to the development of operational strategies, approaches and annual work plans and carries out responsibilities for a variety of operational tasks (e.g. participating as a full member of a multi-disciplinary team and undertaking straightforward assignments of project preparation, appraisal and supervision in the area of private sector development).

• Provides inputs to or prepares diverse operational products/outputs (e.g. sector and country briefings, background reports, case studies, portfolio performance reviews, etc.).

• Reviews and processes operational documents, coordinating across disciplines and project components with other team members.

• Participates in private sector development missions and contributes to discussions regarding advice to clients.

• Responds to ad hoc information requests from internal and external parties.

• Delivers presentations and training to clients and Project partners.

• Works independently, seeking guidance on complex projects/issues from senior officers.

• Interacts with: counterparts in government and in a variety of international and other partner organizations, academia, etc; counterparts within and across operational units, CMUs, sectors; managers up to Director or equivalent at HQ and in the field.

Qualifications and Experience :

• The candidate should have an advanced degree in economics, accounting, business, finance, development, engineering or law.

• A minimum of five years of work experience and a strong theoretical base in the private sector development and financial sector development areas (business regulation, entrepreneurship and innovation, financial architecture and banking systems, investment climate).

• Familiarity with analytical tools and ability to translate theoretical concepts into practical approaches for Bank operational work.

• Capability to assess policy issues and interrelationships of sector, macroeconomic and country strategies.

• Understanding of development and developing country issues

• Excellent task and project management skills and the ability to successfully report to multiple managers.

• Oral and written fluency in English and Croatian.

For more information visit this link.

Vacancies : ACDI/VOCA : Technical & Operational Managers- East Africa

Date Posed: 9 Jan 2013

ACDI/VOCA has invited applications from qualified and deserving applicants for the jobs/vacancies of Consultants- Technical and Operational Managers, East Africa for the anticipated multiyear, USAID-funded East Africa Trade Expansion Hub Project.

ACDI/VOCA is presently seeking candidates for the following positions:

  • Export Business Development Advisor: Experience in export value chains, international market access requirements and international trade enabling environment. Demonstrated success in leveraging private sector investment.
  • Regional Staple Foods Value Chain Specialist: Experience in regional staples and livestock trade. Significant experience working on production, processing, aggregation and marketing issues. Success in leveraging private sector investment.
  • Structured Trade Specialist: Experience in MIS, knowledge of regional grades and standards, and experience working on structured trading schemes such as warehouse receipts.
  • Trade and Regional Integration Specialist: Experience addressing regional trade and transport policy and demonstrated experience working with regional economic communities. Strong understanding of trade-enabling environment and constraints to regional staples trade.
  • Investment and Ag Finance Specialist: Demonstrated experience facilitating access to finance for SMEs in agriculture and finance sector. Must have experience developing credit products and finance solutions. Background in trade and equity financing in Africa.
  • Monitoring and Evaluation Specialist
  • Market Information System Specialist: Experience developing regional market-driven MIS platforms, and leveraging private sector buy in and investment,
  • Gender Specialist: Experience integrating gender into all project activities.
  • Finance and Accounting Specialist: Experience managing finances for large USAID-funded projects.
  • Grants Specialist: Demonstrated experience managing large grant portfolios for USAID.
  • Communications and Knowledge Management Director: Experience managing communications department for large, complex projects. Success working over a wide variety of communications mediums. Demonstrated experience implementing knowledge-sharing strategies.
  • Regional Institutional Capacity Building Expert: Experience developing and implementing institutionalization and sustainability strategies for local organizations. Demonstrated ability to work with and obtain support of private sector stakeholders.


  • Master’s degree in international trade, economics, business administration or other relevant area
  • Minimum eight years of progressive professional experience in an applicable subject area
  • Excellent English language skills; French language skills a plus

No phone calls please. Only finalists contacted. Women and minorities encouraged to apply.

For more information please visit this link.

UNDP Requires International Consultant for Freetown-Sierra Leone

Deadline: 24 Jan 2013

Starting Date: 1 April 2013

UNDP has invited applications from qualified and deserving candidates for the job/vacancy of International Consultant for costing Sierra Leone’s third generation Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper(PRSPIII). This job will be based in Freetown,Sierra Leone. Kindly note that the duration of this assignment is about 40 working days.


Early this year, a Sierra Leone Conference on Development and Transformation was organised to review Sierra Leone’s past socio-economic development experiences and chart a way forward over the next 25 to 50 years. Through wide consultations among the Sierra Leonean people and with development partners, within the context of the Conference, a long term national Vision of the country was agreed upon. The Vision is that Sierra Leone will be a Middle-Income Country within the next 25 years and a net lender within 50 years. This long term Vision is to be realised by implementing transformative development strategies and policies formulated within the context of medium term development plans.

As the implementation of the Agenda for Change 2008-2012, which is the Country’s second generation Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP II), draws to an end, the Government of Sierra Leone has initiated the process of preparation of the Agenda for Prosperity 2013-2017, which is Sierra Leone’s Third Generation Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP III). This process, which begun in the fourth quarter of 2011 with Government circulating a draft outline of the structure of the proposed PRSP III, is expected to culminate in the launch of the PRSP III by end of first quarter of 2013.

The necessary consultations are ongoing and draft chapters of the eight core pillars of the PRSP III are being reviewed with a view to ensuring consistency of proposed development strategies and policies across pillars. It is expected that the draft chapters will provide proposed flagship projects and indicative implementation costs.

It cannot be overemphasised that good development strategies and policies are meaningful when successfully implemented. However, for successful implementation of development strategies, adequate financing is vital. It is in view of this then that the Government of Sierra Leone, in partnership with the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) is seeking the services of two individual consultants (one international and the other national) in costing the PRSP III.

Required Skills and Experience


  • University Masters degree in Social Sciences, preferably in Economics, Business Management/Administration or similar fields.


  • At least 3 years of relevant working experience especially in the area of national development planning or programme design and project management;
  • At least 2 previous completed assignments in costing national development strategy action plans or related assignments;
  • Excellent writing, analytical and advocacy skills, experience in working in a multi-stakeholder, international environments;
  • Excellent inter-personal and communication skills;
  • Excellent organizational and planning skills with developed attention to detail;
  • Regional experience on national development planning initiatives including formulation of medium term action plans and costing will be a definite advantage.

Language Requirements

  • Fluency in English language, written and spoken.

For more information please visit this link.

Ford Foundation Needs Program Officer, Arts, Culture & Media – Cairo

Date Posted : 5 Nov 2012

Deadline : 17 Jan 2013

Applications are invited by Ford Foundation qualified and deserving candidates for the job/vacancy of  Program Officer, Digital Movement Building. Location of this job will be  based in Cairo, Egypt.


The Foundation is looking for an accomplished leader who has deep experience with the arts and culture as well as media discourse in the Arab region and substantive experience in the political economy of arts and media in the Middle East and North Africa as well as extensive familiarity with the international and regional arts, culture and media machineries. An advanced degree in the social sciences is required to demonstrate an appropriate commitment and educational background. Other qualifications include significant professional experience working with civil society efforts, an ability to conceptualize program ideas and strategies, excellent analytical written and oral communication skills, excellent organizational skills, strong interpersonal skills in teams of diverse backgrounds. Fluency in Arabic and English.

Professional Competences
• Focus work and resources on key opportunities
• Analyze problems well and develop appropriate strategies
• Program strategically and assess impact
• Provide leadership
• Take initiative and complete work in a timely manner
• Recognize and respect cultural and individual differences
• Provide candid, respectful feedback and create and sustain a hospitable working environment
• Demonstrate and encourage teamwork
• Provide direction to and support individuals and teams for sustained accomplishment of results
• Engage fully with the goals and activities of the Foundation
• Demonstrate sound and independent judgment.

Personal Characteristics
• A team member with experience working with artists and arts-based organizations, someone comfortable with the role of artists often play in exploring forms of expression and sparking public engagement
• A good listener who communicates clearly and effectively with people of diverse backgrounds
• An innovative thinker who is willing to experiment with new approaches and strategies and to assist grantees, potential grantees and others with ideas
• A person who excels as a facilitator of ideas, projects, and collaborative ventures and is someone who enables the work of others to be achieved
• A colleague who is open to different perspectives and is comfortable collaborating with people in other Foundation departments
• A person who is able to work simultaneously on several issues and projects

Salary is based on experience and on the Foundation’s commitment to internal equity. An attractive benefits package is provided to the PO and dependents.

For more information please visit this link.

GAPPS and Gates Foundation’s Call for Proposals: Preventing Preterm Birth Initiative

The Global Alliance to Prevent Prematurity and Stillbirth (GAPPS) in partnership with the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation has announced a new funding opportunity under its Request for Proposals (RFP) to provide grants to enhance research sites in high-burden countries for studies of pregnancy and preterm birth.

Letters of grant inquiry can be submitted to identify and develop research sites in low- and middle-income countries as part of a collaborative, multicenter research initiative to investigate causes of and novel strategies for prevention of preterm birth and stillbirth through prospective studies of pregnant women.

This Request for Proposals (RFP) is the second phase of the Preventing Preterm Birth initiative, part of the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation’s Grand Challenges in Global Health. The objective of this RFP is to identify global health research sites to serve as part of a research network to conduct well-characterized, standardized, prospective studies of pregnant women, conducted in partnership with investigators already funded by the PPB initiative. It is intended that these multi-center investigations will examine the multiple and complex causes of preterm birth in an effort to identify innovative strategies for preterm prevention in low- and middle-income countries.

GAPPS will fund 3-5 existing research sites in low- and middle-income countries with a maximum of USD $1,300,000 each.

The deadline to submit letter of inquiry is 15 January 2013. For more information, visit this link.

What is the difference between Strategies and Activities in a proposal?

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Strategies are broad concepts or approaches to achieve the project objectives while activities are actions that are undertaken within these strategies. For example, ‘building the capacity of the community members’ is a strategy your project has adopted. An activity under this strategy can be: ‘organizing training programs for community members.’

More examples are given below:

Strategies and Activities